Foreign and experience that is domestic assessing student’s success in universities and colleges
The assessment system in various countries has its own peculiarities that are own. As an example, in American higher education organizations evaluation of students is carried down in credits. Each credit needs a one-hour (50 min.) lecture, a presentation at a seminar or involvement in a laboratory-practical (3-hour) class. In addition, students must invest couple of hours on non-attendance training. Through the semester program (3 hours week that is per, 3 credits are credited for just two hours seminary classes, 3 credits for 2-3 hours laboratory lessons and something credit per semester.
Students take exams through the core procedures in the centre as well as the final end regarding the semester. Evaluate knowledge of the letter system: A («excellent»), B («good»), C («satisfactory»), B («satisfactory with a minus»), E («unsatisfactory»). In the event of «satisfactory having a minus» the student is obliged to be controlled by this course again also to pass the exam. The criterion of success can be an semester score that is average. Pupils regarded as a learning student who received 2 points and greater. The surname of this pupil whom scored 3.5 points is entered into the honorary directory of the dean’s workplace. Students whom scored from 1.7 to 1.99 points gets a caution in regards to the have to improve performance, if he recovers this same score or from 1.1 to 1.7, then gets a critical warning. In cases where a student receives 1.1 points for the semester or has warnings that are serious can not score a rating of 2, or when after warning gaining lower than 1.7 points, he could be taken off from the institution.
European connection with assessing student’s success
In Germany, pupils’ familiarity with advanced schooling institutions is evaluated for a 5-point system:
- «very good» (1),
- «good» (2),
- «satisfactory» (3),
- «enough» (4),
- «not sufficient» (5).
Triumph can also be defined in credits. One credit custom writings net hour per semester implies that the pupil must work within one week of just one hour with this control. For the 4-year term, the pupil must make 150-160 credits.
Italian universities have an interest in system needless to say examinations, that are accepted by commissions composed of three instructors, all of that could put at the most 10 points. The protection of written theses or even a draft in the front of a commission of 11 instructors is just a exam that is final. The total score can reach 110 points.
The integration of this advanced schooling system to the European educational area, the development of a credit-module system in advanced schooling organizations, an unique spot within the system of assessment for the standard of professional training of this graduate, obliges each instructor to review the feeling of international and domestic degree, creatively utilize it in the practical activity.
Rating system of pupil’s success evaluation
The rating system of evaluation of knowledge mainly activates the student’s independent work, helps it be rhythmic and systematic throughout the semester; better educated and cognitive activity is motivated, the part of marketing autonomy, initiative, obligation, creativity in educational and activity that is cognitive; the objectivity for the assessment is increased, very nearly completely unrelated into the effective or unsuccessful response to the score or exam; the emotional anxiety through the test decreases dramatically. In addition, permits the instructor to individualize learning and a differentiated method of students, plays a role in the logical construction associated with pupil through the semester, especially through the exam sessions.
Utilization of the rating system of evaluation into the process that is educational the biased method of the evaluation of pupils’ knowledge; will act as a highly effective method of motivating academic and intellectual task; raises the pupil’s responsibility for learning outcomes; encourages the implementation of the concept of individualization of training; removes the situation of attending classes; frees the student time for classes by interests; the spirit of cooperation prevails within the audience, the instructor ceases to be always a manager, an such like.
Consequently, the instructor must be cautious and artistically to make use of the requirements and norms for evaluating the information, abilities and abilities of students. It ought to be guided because of the scientific concepts associated with methodology of academic work, attentively apply to each student, taking into account his inclinations, interests and aspirations, to exhibit high maxims and tact.